Kinda like having a torch burning oil. But the secret ingredients and technology required to make the incendiary substance “Greek fire” has defeated scientific minds ever since the 12th century. An ore containing magnetic, Fe3O4,was anlyzed by dissolving a 1.5419-g sample on concentrated HCI , giving a mixture of Fe^2+ and Fe^3+.. You've got to keep oxygen from burning the fire to put it out. Share this post. Greek fire, developed in the Byzantine Empire of the seventh century, was a devastating weapon capable of being fired through tubes like a flamethrower, or hurled grenade-style in pots. It is described as having an emerald green coloring once ablaze, which is so strong that it can turn the air around it green. The health benefits of sunlight: Can vitamin D help beat covid-19? Greek Fire "A Real Life" from the forthcoming LOST ep. A modern version of Greek fire, napalm, first saw use during World War II. Wilder has decided not to use his power anymore (for anything not useful anyway) after a fatal incident during his youth, where he and his brother blew up an abandoned house which killed a man who was inside unbeknownest to them. 9. It is named after the Byzantine Greeks, who were especially fond of using it in battle, although it was also employed by the Arabs, Chinese, and Mongols, among others. The fire would cling to flesh and was impossible to extinguish with water. Chemists were able to quickly adopt Greek Fire into a variety of incendiary devices, including projectiles, hand-held devices and a flamethrower. Greek fire was a flaming mixture fired from the ships of the Byzantine empire from the 7th century. Chemists were able to quickly adopt Greek Fire into a variety of incendiary devices, including projectiles, hand-held devices and a flamethrower. Napalm bombs were also used in the Vietnam War to clear landing zones for helicopters. Also, I’ve always wanted to make an incendiary weapon but stay safe at the same time. As nouns the difference between napalm and naphtha is that napalm is a highly flammable, viscous substance, (designed to stick to the body while burning), used in warfare as an incendiary especially in wooded areas while naphtha is (dated) naturally-occurring liquid petroleum. As an action, you can throw this flask up to 20 feet, shattering it on impact. What about napalm vs thermite?” Wow. Wildfire is similar to real-life napalm or Greek fire, both highly combustible liquids used in combat. The immune system: can you improve your immune age? I’ll start a brief answer with a VERY GROSS picture and a question of my own. Yes , I agree with your conclusion that indeed our Constantinoplolitans could have produced a DISASTROUS FIRE WAR, Absolutely.. Beware of Greeks :) bearing Greek Fire :). 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Also called “sea fire” and “liquid fire” by the Byzantines themselves, it was heated, pressurized, and then delivered via a tube called a siphon.Greek fire was mainly used to light enemy ships on fire from a safe distance. The development of napalm was precipitated by the use of jellied gasoline mixtures by the Allied forces during World War II. This weapon was extremely devastating, striking fear into the hearts of the enemy and effectively mowing down troops, ships, and other weapons of war. 1.7K views View 2 Upvoters Napalm, is a long burning incendiary fluid that was commonly used during The Vietnam and Korean Wars, in bombs and flamethrowers. All of them helped to make the Byzantine military victorious in the majority of their […] There were various formula for creating Greek Fire. Greek fire, also described as "sticky fire" (πῦρ κολλητικόν) is believed to have had a petroleum base. : Because Greek fire is far more sinister than your napalm. This deadly concoction was created by a family of chemists and engineers from Constantinople, and the secret recipe died with them. : Stasera arrivano armi e fuoco greco. In its effect, the Greek fire must have been rather similar to napalm. The supply of latex that had been used in these early forms of incendiary devices became scarce during the Pacific Theater of Operations, since natural rubber was almost impossible to obtain after the capture by the Japanese army of the rubber pl… The earliest form of gel fuel is the aforementioned Greek Fire. plese help acid base titration indicator? But there was more to the mystery of Greek fire than its ingredients alone. Napalm, is a long burning incendiary fluid that was commonly used during The Vietnam and Korean Wars, in bombs and flamethrowers. 2850 Make a ranged Attack against a creature or object, treating the alchemist's fire as an improvised weapon. And you best be relatively happy with that, for although all this time has passed, it still remains a mystery. He thinks the key ingredients were a highly flammable light crude oil called naphtha, and pine resin, which is sticky and would have made the mixture burn hotter and longer. Napalm is a case where it’s used specifically to cause harm. Uncertainties remain because the secret was never written down, but the power of Greek fire is beyond doubt. Napalm was an invention of 20th-century warfare, but the deadly incendiary substance had an ancient and mysterious ancestor. The Byzantines had easy access to crude oil from the naturally occurring wells around the Black Sea (e.g., the wells around Tmutorakan noted by Constantine Porphyrogennetos) or in various locations throughout the Middle East. Some accounts of Greek Fire suggest that … “Which is better, white phosphorous or napalm? This sticky, adhesive fluid ignites when exposed to air. Greek Fire Recipe / Formula / Ingredients Greek Fire was such a devastating weapon that the exact composition of a Greek Fire Recipe was a closely guarded secret. The search for the origin of life: From panspermia to primordial soup. John Haldon from Princeton University has a hunch though: he suspects it was a petroleum-based liquid modified to increase its potency. Should I call the police on then? All of them helped to make the Byzantine military victorious in the majority of their […] Saving forests to fight climate change will cost $393 billion annually, Rocking flies with a vibrating lullaby helps them sleep for longer. Greek fire was first used by the Romans besieged in Constantinople (673–78). during extraction of a metal the ore is roasted if it is a? Greek fire was the prototype for both modern napalm … The substance could be thrown in pots or discharged from tubes; it apparently caught fire spontaneously and could not be … Napalm is an incendiary mixture of a gelling agent and a volatile petrochemical (usually gasoline (petrol) or diesel fuel).The title is a blend of the names of two of the constituents of the original thickening and gelling agents: co-precipitated aluminium salts of naphthenic acid and palmitic acid. Napalm is petrol mixed with sodium and aluminium naphalate (a fatty acid from palm oil)to make a gel which explodes on impact.If the fire doesn't get you the oxygen depleted blast does. It is nothing more than a REALLY old version of Napalm. Napalm-like fiery substances have been used since early Greek times for war purposes (they called it “sticky fire”). the questions are as following from historical record would you agree or disagree with the two behaving in similar a manner and do you think the folks at Constantinople could have produced World war II and vietnam style napalm using their chemical knowledge and tools available at the time-. According to records, Greek Fire was fire developed in 672, but the formula remained a closely guarded military secret. The chief was seen coughing and not wearing a mask. As Constantine Porphyrogennetos' warnings show, the ingredients and the processes of manufacture and deployment of Greek fire were carefully guarded military secrets. Known as Greek Fire, Sea Fire, Liquid Fire, and various other names, the recipe was such as closely guarded secret of the Empire that eventually the Byzantines realized that no one remembered how to make it. I went to a Thanksgiving dinner with over 100 guests. The difference is that sapery has a flame thrower which kills 1 enemy at a time and reloads really quick, but the sapery 85 has a nap launcher that can kill multiple enemies but fires a single shot at a time, if it didn't hit the enemy when it is aganist some elite units then it probably might lose the gunfight. It was invented during the reign of Constantine IV Pogonatus (668–685) by Callinicus of Heliopolis, a Greek-speaking Jewish refugee who had fled the Arab conquest of Syria. Napalm is an incendiary mixture of a gelling agent and a volatile petrochemical (usually gasoline (petrol) or diesel fuel).The title is a blend of the names of two of the constituents of the original thickening and gelling agents: co-precipitated aluminium salts of naphthenic acid and palmitic acid. It's modern-=day equivalent is napalm. I chose Napalm, because I’ve always enjoyed watching fire, it’s quite majestic, yet, it can get out of hand so easily and cause lots of harm. a bit of historical speculation here- from what I have read Napalm and greek fire have some similar propertied- both are sticky hard known to burn a top water (at least this was the case with Greek fire) I am thinking the word napalm comes from naphtha a chemical the late Roman chemist would have known about. A form of naphtha was also used to create napalm, the modern equivalent of Greek Fire, and if naphtha was in the ancient recipe, then it would have helped make the Greek Fire thick and difficult to douse. Used to set light to enemy ships, it consisted of a combustible compound emitted by a flame-throwing weapon. Napalm is just like Westerosi wildfire ... For instance Greek fire was a flammable substance of mysterious composition (probably oil-based) … Greek fire was a liquid weapon devised by the Byzantine Empire, which was the surviving, Greek-speaking eastern half of the Roman Empire. In this video, we take a look at a Medieval Roman wepaon of mass destruction: Greek fire. Rank the following atoms from largest to smallest according to the size of their atomic radii: ? The uniqueness of this particular incendiary weapon comes from the fact that it can burn on water and stick to surfaces with the only things capable of extinguishing it … Later, Napalm-B was developed and used all the way through the Vietnam war. How it worked, and where it was used. Bloodthirsty, aren’t we? In the A Song of Ice and Firenovels, wildfire is a very unstable material: It is highly combustible and can be set alight even by bright sunlight. Greek Fire, is used for flamethrowers and probably catapults. One term used for them was “wildfire”; another was “Greek fire”, as incendiaries were widely used by the Greeks. Greek fire, developed in the Byzantine Empire of the seventh century, was a devastating weapon capable of being fired through tubes like a … Determine the volume of a solid gold thing which weights 500 grams? Use of fire in warfare has a long history. Get your answers by asking now. However, the heyday of the use of fire for military purposes was still to come. , published 4 February 2012, Lost treasures: The Loch Ness monster that got away, Lost treasures: Miraculous Damascus steel, Nine lost treasures – and why science wants them back, Tiny island survived tsunami that helped separate Britain and Europe, DeepMind's AI biologist can decipher secrets of the machinery of life, UK takes step towards world's first nuclear fusion power station, Bird beak extra sense evolved more than 70 million years ago, Weird space radio signal tracked to its source for the first time, Covid-19 news: Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine authorised for use in the UK, People experiencing a migraine climbed inside an MRI to find out why, UK approves Pfizer/BioNTech coronavirus vaccine for rollout next week, How do mRNA coronavirus vaccines work? Napalm definition, a highly incendiary jellylike substance used in fire bombs, flamethrowers, etc. Numerou… Napalm is a derived term of naphtha. Still have questions? Greek fire is an incendiary weapon which appears to have been developed around the seventh century. Napalm was an invention of 20th-century warfare, but the deadly incendiary substance had an ancient and mysterious ancestor. Flammable liquids had been used in both Greek and Roman warfarebut nothing had ever been devised that was quite as lethal as Greek Fire. Napalm-like fiery substances have been used since early Greek times for war purposes (they called it “sticky fire”). One of the reasons for this success was a naval superweapon perfected by the Greek architect, engineer, alchemist, and inventor Kallinikos. Synonyms for napalm include ammunition, shells, shot, rounds, bullets, cartridges, materiel, missiles, munitions and ammo. Greek fire was a liquid weapon devised by the Byzantine Empire, which was the surviving, Greek-speaking eastern half of the Roman Empire. I chose Greek Fire because of its incredibly important role in the rise of one of history’s greatest empires. Napalm-like weapons were used by and against the Romans and Greeks. On a hit, the target takes 1d4 fire damage at the start of each of its turns However, historically, it was primarily liquids that were used (see Greek fire). Greek fire was famously believed to be used by the Byzantine Empire throughout its history (roughly the 4th to the 15th Centuries CE), and so may have be… Despite this almost exclusive focus, however, Greek fire is best understood as a complete weapon system of many components, all o… Though napalm was a 20th-century invention, it is part of a long history of incendiary devices in warfare. “It was definitely an effective weapon of terror,” says Haldon. Negli effetti provocati, il fuoco greco doveva essere stato un'arma grossomodo simile al napalm. “If the skin of this creature turned up, it could explain sightings of sea serpents”, Magazine issue "Wilder Napalm" is a crazy flick about two brothers, Wallace (Quaid) and Wilder (Arliss Howard), whom are...fire starters: yes they have the power of pyrokinetics. a bit of historical speculation here- from what I have read Napalm and greek fire have some similar propertied- both are sticky hard known to burn a top water (at least this was the case with Greek fire) I am thinking the word napalm comes from naphtha a chemical the late Roman chemist would have known about. Fire gained its maximum effectiveness as a weapon after the Americans invented napalm, a substance that turned thick jungles into ashes during the Vietnam War. But nothing in the ancient world was as feared or as mythicized or as secret as Greek Fire. I chose Napalm, because I’ve always enjoyed watching fire, it’s quite majestic, yet, it can get out of hand so easily and cause lots of harm. Meet NASA's latest Mars Rover: Will Perseverance find life in 2021? The fire would cling to flesh and was impossible to extinguish with water. According to records, Greek Fire was fire developed in 672, but the formula remained a closely guarded military secret. Just dowsing with water won't work, because the petroleum is waterproof, and the water is supposed to cut off the air or oxygen supply. Official Video coming soon. the questions are as following from historical record would you agree or … No, seriously, greek fire is a petroleum product. Historians have the same problem, but they’ve deduced that a bronze pump probably pressurised heated oil, which was then ejected through a nozzle and ignited. Most modern scholars agree that Greek fire was based on either crude or refined petroleum, comparable to modern napalm. Consequently, the "mystery" of the formula has long dominated the research into Greek fire. Greek Fire. With greek water?? As a verb napalm is to spray or attack an area using such substance. The invention of Greek Fire is credited to a Christian Greek named Kallinikos (aka Callinicus) who escaped to Constantinople from Muslim-held Syria in 668 CE. The composition of Greek fire was such a closely guarded secret that its exact formula remains unknown, but its effectiveness in combat likely prolonged the life of the Byzantine Empire. Article is review of Napalm: An American Biography by Robert M. Neer Fire-weapons have been used from ancient times. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. If you want a quick idea of Greek Fire, think of it as kind of like a pre-napalm-like napalm. Napalm as we know it today, was developed at a secret Harvard University laboratory in 1942 and was intended to be used as an incendiary device for buildings and structures. Music by Kevin MacLeod. Il Napalm è un derivato dell'acido naftenico e dell'acido palmitico utilizzato per costruire bombe e mine incendiarie, oltre che come combustibile per lanciafiamme.I sali più usati sono il naftenato di alluminio e il palmitato di sodio.Si tratta di una emulsione altamente infiammabile che viene preparata poco prima dell'uso bellico e non può essere conservata in alcun modo. Greek Fire Greek fire was an incendiary weapon used by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire beginning c. 672. See more. The Greek fire has been said to inspire some more modern weapons like the flamethrower and the napalm. Another is napalm, a synthetic compound made by the US in the 1940's and used in incendiary bombs and flame throwers during World War II. There's weaponry and Greek fire arriving tonight. “When enemies captured elements of the equipment, they just weren’t able to work out how to use it to recreate the same effects,” explains Haldon. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! It was one of the most terrifying weapons ever made. Their flame destroyed a ship in minutes. Whatever the mixture for Greek fire it was delivered as a burning petroleum liquid and not the same as napalm. So strict was the secrecy that the composition of Greek fire was lost forever and remains a source of speculation. Greek fire was a flaming mixture fired from the ships of the Byzantine empire from the 7th century. or simply have used some of the chemical in a unrefined mixture that would not burn as well as napalm ? Therefore, I chose Greek Fire as my experimental subject. n98n Kind of a GROSS question, don’t you think? Also called “sea fire” and “liquid fire” by the Byzantines themselves, it was heated, pressurized, and then delivered via a tube called a siphon.Greek fire was mainly used to light enemy ships on fire from a safe distance. : Perché il fuoco greco è molto più sinistro del vostro napalm. TNT barrels is most likely used for fortification destruction. Sign up to read our regular email newsletters, (Image: Sonia Halliday Photographs/Alamy), Read more: “Nine lost treasures – and why science wants them back“. Calculate the [H3O +], [OH-], pH, and pOH of the following solutions:? Napalm as we know it today, was developed at a secret Harvard University laboratory in 1942 and was intended to be used as an incendiary device for buildings and structures. In 2002, a reconstruction was built for a National Geographic TV programme, using a mixture of light crude oil and pine resin. The precise components of the liquid were a closely-guarded secret and the formula has long been lost but a light petroleum or naphtha is one known and vital ingredient, probably acquired from the Crimea region… In the analysis of 1.5000g sample of feldspar, a mixture of the chlorides of sodium and potassium is obtained which  weighs 0.3450g. ?